Top List

What are the Storage Criteria of Chemicals


Chemicals form a crucial part of our life. They have a global importance, due to their undeniable use in nearly all the industries from pharmaceuticals to soft drinks to attain different types of invention and production.


Do you deal with different types of chemicals every day? Are you willing to learn more about the storage criteria of chemicals? The international bureaus and organizations have put some standard criteria on the storage and handling of chemicals. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) has termed a number of requirements, which are to be taken into consideration. The requirements include the followings:


Storage Facility


When it comes to chemicals, simply shelving the chemicals is incorrect. For science safety and to avoid hazardous situations, the chemicals are stored according to their classes. While storing them in different cabinets and shelves, one should keep in mind the interaction of the chemicals and also think about the outcome. According to the rule of thumb, substances with negative interaction or reaction need to be kept separately.


For instance, solvents should be kept in a fire-proof cabinet and the oxidizing agents far away from the solvents.


Again, bases like potassium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium carbonate, etc. are to be kept far away from the nitric acid, sulphuric acid or hydrochloric acid. This is because, these bases have a corrosive effect and in contact with the acid, it will generate a large amount of heat.


Labeling of the chemical bottles is important, so as to proceed with correct experiments rather than intending the place with a hazardous situation. According to OSHA, the chemicals should be divided into five different sections –


  1. General Storage Cabinet
  2. Acid Storage Area
  3. Corrosive Acid Storage Cabinet
  4. Corrosive Base Storage Cabinet
  5. Fire Resistant Cabinets for Flammable Chemicals


Ensure the cabinets are resistant to water and the chemicals are kept in a closed and locked place away from water. One can also put some hazardous signs on the doors.  


Color Coding


A simple color coding is used to group specific chemicals, such as:


  • Red – Flammable chemicals
  • Yellow – Reactive and oxidizing reagents
  • Blue –  Health hazard chemicals
  • white – Corrosive chemicals
  • Green and Gray – Moderately hazardous chemicals




Training is important to work in any field of industry, among them this is one of the most difficult and hazardous work. So, OSHO recommends taking part in the training session of chemicals and learning about the chemicals for storage and handling. On introduction of new chemicals, always learn about their properties and store them properly.


All the above steps will help you understand the science safetyand importance. Now, after knowing all these steps make sure the chemistry departments of schools, colleges, and industries follow them to keep the surrounding and the property well protected. Hence, always hire trained and qualified personnel for this risky work.